Unlike his resignation from St Alban's, his friends almost unanimously supported this resignation, knowing it was required for the good of both the parish and of his health.[1]. Perhaps the fact that he was the only commandant to have experienced the life of a prisoner himself, played a part in his approach to his task. Maconochie was appointed an ordinary lord of session and a lord of justiciary in the place of David Douglas, lord Reston, and took is seat on the bench as Lord Meadowbank on 1 July 1819. Surname 3 Works Cited Devereaux, Nicole. Memberships: Highland Society(1842). Sir Walter Crofton . Alexander Maconochie, later Maconochie-Welwood (2 March 1777 – 30 November 1861), was a Scottish judge.. He was admitted as an advocate in 1799, and in 1800 admitted to the Highland Society. … A. H. Mackonochie", Society of the Holy Cross (SSC), Province of England & Scotland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexander_Mackonochie&oldid=994220040, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 17:38. He joined the Royal Navy in 1803 and as a midshipman he saw active service in the Napoleonic Wars, rising to the rank of … The convict system, being fixated on punishment alone, released back into society crushed, resentful and bitter expirees, in whom the spark of enterprise and hope was dead. He travelled several times to the continent and often visited the Bishop of Argyll, his friend Alexander Chinnery-Haldane, in Ballachulish, Scotland, a place which he loved. Alexander Maconochies was born on 11 July, 1787, at Edinburgh, of good Scots family. (The normal practice, prescribed by the Book of Common Prayer, was to stand at the north end of the altar facing south; westward-facing consecration, as is now most common in the Church of England, was only introduced by Cranmer and as an attempt to deemphasise the sacrificial nature of the traditional Mass.) With his two curates, Arthur Stanton and Edward Russell, and lay assistants he founded schools, soup kitchens, a working men's club, mothers' meetings, clothing funds and more. Alexander Maconochie has been dubbed the father of parole. He graduated BA in 1848 and MA in 1851.[1]. In 1849 he was appointed governor of the new prison at Birmingham, but was unjustly dismissed and criticised for his actions, in spite of being praised for his humanity and benevolence. He was educated at the Royal High School, Edinburgh, and probably at the University of Edinburgh. His 2 Basic Principle of Penology 1. He joined the Royal Navy in 1803 and as a midshipman he saw active service in the Napoleonic Wars, rising to the rank of Lieutenant, and was a prisoner of war from 1811 to 1814. MACONOCHIE, afterwards MACONOCHIE-WELWOOD, ALEXANDER, Lord Meadowbank (1777–1861), Scottish judge, eldest son of Allan Maconochie [q. v.], by his wife Elizabeth, third daughter of Robert Welwood of Garvock and Pitliver, Fifeshire, was born on 2 March 1777. JohnMoore contributes a fascinating account of the innovative work of Alexander Maconochie, a prison governor on the Norfolk Island penal settlement in Australia, and at Birmingham prison in the mid 19th century.Many of his ideas, including By July 1883 he faced yet another suspension. Under the medical model, the court set a minimum and maximum release date and the parole board determined when the appropriate time was to release the offender back into the community. For Allan Maconochie, the father: Cairns, John W. 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